Caption: During the apartheid era, many Black South Africans were subjected to carrying a Passbook, also known as a dompas. This form of document was used to enforce the Influx Control law that would minimise the inflow of Black people to the urban areas in search for work as a way of escaping poverty in the rural areas and in the neighbouring countries such as Lesotho, Mozambique, etc.
Caption: When Nelson Mandela was released from prison, he toured many countries including Germany. This was an ongoing project that the African National Congress (ANC) had started in the early 1960's to mobilise the international community to isolate the apartheid government of South Africa.
Caption: After Nelson Mandela was released from prison, he toured many countires including Germany. This was an ongoing project that the ANC had started in the early 1960's to mobilise the international community to isolate the apartheid government of South Africa.
Caption: A group of white people in a shooting range. As the conflict over apartheid increased, many White people became increasingly fearful and some took to training in self defence. The South African society became a highly stressful society as a result of entrenched inequalities due to apartheid.
Caption: The Apartheid state sought to ensure that the majority of South Africans were kept out of the skilled labour force and assigned to manual labour. The Deparment of Education and Training was set up to ensure that Black South Africans received education which would lead to manual work. The leaders of the African National Congress (ANC) were drawn from the labour movement.
Caption: During the United Democratic Front (UDF) era, political struggles were revived. Many worker and community demands became politicised. Many people became aware of their rights such as transport, electricity, community services, etc.
Caption: Under apartheid, most Black females worked in factories such as garment factories. Men, found work in construction and in mines. Most positions assigned to Black workers were manual labour positions while supervisory and managerial roles were reserved for White people.
Caption: In the mid 1980s, the height of political consciousness amongst the South Africa communities opposed to apartheid gave rise to the formation of a mass movement called the United Democratic Front (UDF). This mass movement became a vehicle to mobilse different formations to rise against the apartheid goverment that becoming an unbearable force against those who resisted it.
Caption: A white mine worker displaying refined Gold. The worker wears the white helmet and overalls of a supervisor. Such positions were reserved for White workers under the apartheid Job Reservation Act.
Caption: The apartheid state created a system of enforced military conscription of white males to bolster its security forces that were fighting in a number of African countries, as well as fighting liberation movements within the country.
Caption: Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (SOMAFCO) was an African National Congress (ANC) school set up for ANC exiles in Tanzania to equip South Africans that were becoming aware of the poor standard of education they were receiving under apartheid. The building of the school started in 1977 and opened in 1978 as a response to the influx of young South Africans to exile. Many had been part of the uprisings in South Africa in 1976. The objectives of the college was to create a political school that would prepare cadres to serve the national struggle of the people of South Africa. The settlement was not simply an educational institution but included a clinic, a day care centre, a clothing factory, and a worming farm.
Caption: A South African Police officer checks the dompas of a man. Such passes were used as a means of controlling the movement of the majority of South Africans within urban areas. According to apartheid ideology, Black people were only allowed to be in the cities and towns if they carried such pass books. This was part of the Grand Apartheid scheme of Influx Control. Black workers were required to carry their Dompas at all times and were subject to spot checks.
Caption: In 1976, students in Black townships around Johannesburg took to the streets in protest against an apartheid law that required them to learn in Afrikaans. This was an injunction that added to an already inferior education as part of the apartheid government strategy to educate Black people for manual labour tasks. The uprising quickly spread to other cities such as Durban, Cape Town and Port Elizabeth and the apartheid government responded with the use of force which saw many youth killed and maimed.
Caption: Women were a cornerstone of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. Women, in particular, felt the brunt of apartheid policies that removed their husbands from their homes and made their children fatherless for 11 months of the year.
Caption: When Nelson Mandela came out of prison in 1990, he countinued with the work of the African National Congress (ANC), mobilising the international community to support the fight against apartheid.
Caption: The African National Department (ANC) Department of Information and Publicity used newspaper cuttings of reported news by the South African Press to show to the world of the impact of the struggles on South Africa.
Caption: The African National Congress (ANC)'s international campaigns for the isolation of the apartheid South Africa inspired civil societies in other parts of the world to take up issues that affected their communities. This demonstration is one of such example as it is directed to the United Nations under the banner, UN vrai travail-cest UN droit
Caption: Freedom Fighters of the liberation movement did not have enough logistics and food supply to sustain themselves away the communities and, as a result, they would now and then interact with the communities when they had a crisis. Communities to them were their source of information.
Caption: Archbishop Desmond Tutu is one of the members of the clergy who, like Frank Chikane and Allan Boesak, openly challenged the policies of the apartheid government. He is the former President of the South African Council of Churches.