RECORDS, 1959, 1976-1994

(bulk dates, 1990-1994 )

7 Boxes (.7 linear meters)

ACQUISITION: ANC Archive Committee

ACCESS: The collection is open.

PHOTOGRAPHS: Located in box 0005.

VISUAL MATERIAL: Video Collection is on archives shelves. See separate Audio/Visual Finding Aid.

AUDIO MATERIAL: Audio Collection is on archives shelves. See separate Audio/Visual Finding Aid.

PRINTED MATERIAL: Located in boxes 0001 – 0003.

COPYRIGHT: ANC Archive Committee

PROCESSED BY: Arrangement and description done under the auspices of a joint project between the University of Fort Hare and the University of Michigan. Primary processor,

Ed Staples, June 1999. Partially rearranged and reboxed by Sibongile Simelane and Khanyisa Bottoman, June 2003.

REVISED BY: Africa Media Online (Kulu Mushaka), May 2018



Historical background of Cuba Mission Records

Following the banning of the African National Congress (ANC) as an illegal organization in April 1960, the ANC operated underground. The ANC functioned internally as an underground organization and externally as an overseas organization. Oliver Tambo was sent overseas as the ANC acting president general and head of the external mission. External missions were opened in London, Accra, Cairo, and Dar-es-Salaam. Eventually the ANC had offices and representatives in 27 countries by 1990.

The external missions worked to win support for the overthrow of apartheid by promoting the cause of the ANC and urging international economic pressure against the South African government.

The Cuban Mission was established in 1978 with Alex La Guma as the Chief Representative.


Scope and Content Note

The records of the ANC mission in Cuba contain little on the day to day operations of the mission. The records consist mostly of publications and files on anti-Apartheid and Communist organizations, as well as the history of the ANC.

The records are broken up into tree series: Diaries and Publications, Subject Files, and Memorabilia.

The Diaries and Publications series (10 cm) consists of one datebook/calendar for the period March through September 1993. The series also contains two condolence books, one for Chris Hani and one for Oliver Tambo, with messages from various embassy officials and staff.
The Diaries and Publications series also consists of Anti-Apartheid publications, South African news publications, and Cuban publications, the bulk of which were published between 1990 and 1993. Many published speeches of Castro are included in this series and include a published version of his “History will Absolve Me” speech given in 1953 and published in 1959. Other Cuban publications of note include an interview with General Raul, as well as several works of literature by Cuban authors: Position One by Norberto Fuentes and Radio Aggression by Emilio Mediavilla.

ANC Publications include Horizon, The Rock, the book ANC Speaks, Newsbriefing, and other miscellaneous publications Have been removed to add to the ANC Special Collection. There is also a run of newsclippings from South Africa. Of interest is a book of poetry by S. Nkondo published by the Congress of South African Writers and Le Rona re Batho: An Account of the 1982 Maseru Massacre written by Phyllis Naidoo and signed by the author.

The Subject Files series consists of many files concerning Latin America, communist, socialist and anti-Imperialist documents and literature, as well as the anti-Apartheid movement. The majority of these files are from the period 1990-1993. The Photographs folder contains a large number of photographs most of which are unidentified. An envelope within this folder is titled “Visit to Cuba by Num. Officials and Handing Over of Donation of Tablets and $2,500 to Cuba from S.A.” and contains photographic documentation of this event. The Photographs folder also contains many prints from the International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF). The Press Clippings folder contains copies of press clippings published by the ANC Mission for Cuba, the Caribbean and Latin America.

The Memorabilia series (15 cm) consists of three artefacts: a large ANC flag and 2 small Communist Party USA flags.



Series I – Diaries/ Publications


Box 0001
0001. Datebook, 1993
0002. Condolences to Chris Hani and O.R. Tambo, 1993
0003. Condolences to Chris Hani and O.R. Tambo, 1993
0004. Angola, African Giron by Fidel Castro, 1976
0005. Communist Party-USA, 1992-1993
0006. Democratic Palestine, 1993
0007. Flames of Fury by Sankie Nkondo, 1990
0008. History Will Absolve Me by Fidel Castro, 1959


Box 0002
0009. Interview: Army General Raul Castro to El Sol De Mexico Newspaper, 1993
0010. Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement, 1988
0011. Land Reform: Analysis, 1991
0012. Le Rona re Batho: An Account of the 1982 Maseru Massacre, Phyllis Naidoo, 1992
0013. Liberation!, 1990
0014. Miscellaneous Publications (Spanish), 1990-1993
0015. Miscellaneous Publications (Spanish), 1991 – 1993
0016. Negotiation News, 1992-1993
0017. Position One by Norberto Fuentes, 1985
0018. Radio Aggression by Emilio Mediavilla, 1987


Box 0003
0019. SA Dialogue, 1992-1993
0020. Sanctions-South Africa, 1992-1993
0021. Save the Revolution by Fidel Castro, 1990
0022. Southern Africa Magazine, 1992
0023. United Nations General Assembly, 1979
0024. Voter Education Manual, ca.1994
0025. World Solidarity, 1992-1993
0026. 2nd Congress, Cuba Communist Party, (1980)



Series II – Subject Files


Box 0004
0001. ANC-Position Papers, n.d., 1991-1992
0002. Conferences, 1991-1993
0003. Dorkay House, n.d.
0004. Education, n.d., 1992
0005. Elections, 1992
0006. Encuentro Continental (Spanish), 1993
0007. El Salvador, 1993
0008. FLSN (Sandinista Front for National Liberation)-Nicaragua, 1990
0009. International Solidarity Conference, 1993
0010. Kasrils, Ronnie-Speech, 1990
0011. Miscellaneous, 1992
0012. Motsuenyane Commission of Inquiry, 1993
0013. Organisation of Solidarity of the Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America, 1985; 1991; 1993


Box 0005
0014. Photographs, n.d.
0015. Press clippings, 1993-1994, 2000
0016. Pretoria Minute, 1990 – 1991
0017. Reports, 1990-1993
0018. SACP (South African Communist Party), ca.1992
0019. Shipanga, Andreas-Testimony, n.d.
0020. Suttner, Raymond-Interview, ca.1990



Series III – Memorabilia – [Oversize boxes]


Box 0006
ANC Flag
Communist Party USA Flag (2)



Box 0007
0022. Cuban Solidarity Act